Microprocessor Cost per Transistor
Cycle, $/Transistor/Hz, Logarithmic Plot pg 62.
Clock speed: Data from 1976–1999: E. R. Berndt, E.
R. Dulberger, and N. J. Rappaport, “Price and Quality
of Desktop and Mobile Personal Computers: A Quarter Century
of History,” July 17, 2000, http://www.nber.org/~confer/2000/si2000/berndt.pdf.
Data from 2001–2016: ITRS, 2002 Update, On-Chip Local
Clock in Table 4c: Performance and Package Chips: Frequency
On-Chip Wiring Levels—Near-Term Years, p. 167.
Average transistor price: Intel and Dataquest reports (December
2002), see Gordon E. Moore, “Our Revolution,”